Contract law – What is regulated by contract law and what exactly does it mean? Legal norms that regulate the formation (conclusion of a contract), performance, legal consequences and breach of contracts are all part of contract law. However, in contract law in particular, individual questions arise in individual cases, such as

  • To what extent is it possible to rescind a legal transaction?
  • What procedures are there for terminating a legally binding contract?
  • What should be done if the other party to the contract does not pay?
  • Are there any restrictions on the parties’ ability to reach an agreement and what rules must they follow?
  • How important is it that the terms and conditions are included?
  • What are the options for agreement between the contracting parties?
  • Do general terms and conditions have to be used in every transaction?
  • Under what circumstances can an entrepreneur use a commercial agent?

The lawyers at Herfurtner will answer all these questions about contract law on this page. We will give you a clear overview of the subject and give you various examples in which contract law applies.

Would you like legal advice? Feel free to contact us at our offices in Munich, Hamburg or Frankfurt am Main. We are also available via video conference in Cologne, Berlin, Düsseldorf and Stuttgart.

Table of contents

  1. Contract law – Definition
  2. International contract law
  3. Threats and coercion – avoidance of contracts
  4. A commercial agent – tasks and function
  5. General terms and conditions & terms of use
  6. Insight into different types of contracts
  7. Difference between employment contracts and service contracts
  8. Contracts: Letting and leasing commercial real estate
  9. Contract law – a summary
  10. Lawyer contract law

Contract law – definition of terms

Contract law is complex and encompasses many different laws and regulations. If an entrepreneur has a question about contract law, they should already know where to turn.

The term contract law refers to the legal regulations governing the creation and effect of contracts under private law. It is also referred to as general contract law.

Specifically, this refers to the general part of the German Civil Code (BGB), including sections 104 ff. (legal capacity), sections 116 ff. (contract). This includes the basic conditions contained in the BGB (e.g. the formation of contractual obligations, etc.), but also the special BGB laws on the law of obligations such as §§ 305 ff.

In a broader sense, the word can also denote the uniqueness of the entirety of the contractual terms. In this case, the word suffix is missing, e.g. “contract for work” or “travel contract law”. Contracts can also be used as a means of action for the state.

However, the term “public law contract law” is less discussed, as some problems with public law contracts have to be solved by a legal reference similar to the rules for private law contracts (for example, the nullity provision of Section 59 (1) VwVfG).

Contract law – what is it? An overview

Contract law is the basis for all other areas of law, including multilateral legal transactions. A contract consists of at least two declarations of intent that are intended to bring about a legal result. Private individuals, companies, institutions and government bodies are examples of contracting parties.

A contract does not have to be concluded in writing to be valid.

Verbal agreements are just as legally legitimate as, for example, a purchase on the Internet. Verbal agreements can therefore be just as legally valid as written contracts.

By signing a contract, the parties declare their willingness to be bound by the contractual terms they have agreed. For a better understanding, three legal terms are defined below.

1. freedom of contract

Due to the concept of private autonomy, anyone in Germany can conclude contracts of their own free will under German law. However, a legal transaction may not violate applicable law or morality or disregard legal restrictions.

2. legal capacity

Only those who have legal capacity can conclude a contract. This means that the contracting party is capable of entering into legal transactions and is aware of the legal implications.

Age (too young) or a significant illness, such as advanced and medically diagnosed dementia, can lead to limited legal capacity or even legal incapacity.

3. conclusion of contracts

A contract is deemed to have been concluded with legal effect if the offer and acceptance are in concordant form, i.e. if they correspond with each other.

Is contract law regulated in the BGB?

Contract law does not have its own place in legislation, as the legislator has not expressly included it. There is therefore no chapter in the German Civil Code called “contract law”.

Nevertheless, it can be found in the BGB, whose legal norms concerning contract law must, however, be read in their entirety. Contract law matters are essentially spread over two volumes and are highly abstracted in their formulation.

The first book of the general part of the BGB (BGB I) is dedicated to the contract as the legal basis of contract law. The second book of the Civil Code (BGB II) deals with this topic under the title “Law of Obligations”.

How are contracts concluded & what needs to be considered?

In all advanced legal systems, contracts are concluded according to the method of offer and acceptance. The development of media law has, among other things, created a new feature for the conclusion of contracts.

In Germany, for example, a distinction must be made between general terms and conditions (AGB) in accordance with Section 305 BGB and/or special agreements.

According to § 145 of the German Civil Code (BGB), the provider in Germany is legally obliged to Withdrawal has no effect if it is made within a reasonable period of time.

Worldwide standardization proves to be difficult due to the multitude of possibilities. Even if the offer is theoretically freely modifiable, Art. 16 para. 2 CISG provides for exceptions that exclude the most essential circumstances in practice and declare the offer binding. This compromise comes quite close to the German method.

International contract law

What should you bear in mind when selling your products or services internationally? If one of the contracting parties is based outside the country, the agreement is called cross-border.

Despite the fact that some EU rules have changed, in most cases two separate legal systems meet, making it difficult to integrate the two systems with each other.

There is no doubt that the place of jurisdiction and the relevant legislation must be the same if you conclude a contract with a foreign partner.

Include an arbitration clause in your contract if you do business beyond EU borders. The international enforceability of arbitration agreements is an advantage that German court decisions cannot always offer.

Rescission of contracts in the event of duress and threats

Mistake and deception are not the only grounds for avoidance of contracts recognized by all continental legal systems. There is a difference between threats and physical coercion and between threats and taking advantage of a pre-existing coercive situation.

Deciding cases involving physical coercion is not very difficult. Acts committed under threat of physical violence are prohibited by law.

It is more difficult to detect threats to terminate or conclude a contract.

As a result, dangerous situations must be filtered out in order to remove those that are morally reprehensible.

The German BGB stipulates that the threat must be “unlawful” (§ 123 BGB), as do the Austrian § 870 ABGB, the Swiss Art. 29 para. 1 OR, and the Dutch Art. 3:44 para. 2 of the NBW.

Contract rescission in contract law

It is not always the case that both parties want to abide by the terms of the agreement when signing a contract. Anyone wishing to withdraw from a contract must either have a contractual agreement or a legal reason to do so.

In the case of contracts that allow early withdrawal under certain circumstances, the parties can easily part ways after agreeing to the terms of withdrawal. Legal rescission, on the other hand, is a special situation.

In the event of performance problems that make it difficult to fulfill the contract, one of the parties has the legal authority to dissolve and rescind the contract.

The legal options for withdrawing from the contract include: revocation in the case of online contracts with consumers or contracts concluded by e-mail, fax, telephone, letter, etc. (= distance contracts), termination in the event of non-performance or non-contractual performance in accordance with Section 323 BGB.

§ Section 286 BGB (by reminder) declares that the supplier is in default due to non-delivery. In addition to the reminder, the recipient must set a second deadline (between 7 and 14 days) to withdraw from the contract. As soon as this deadline is missed a second time, the customer has declared withdrawal from the contract.

The consequence of withdrawal is that the services already rendered must be returned.

Default on a contractual obligation

For various reasons, it can happen that the service provided does not correspond to that agreed in the contract. In reality, the debtor is not in a position to provide the agreed service due to his circumstances.

Examples are

  • The agreed service can be provided, but only after a certain period of time has elapsed.
  • The agreed service is provided, but not in the contractually agreed quality.
  • The debtor breaches other obligations that were not included in the contract, although they are necessary to achieve the contractual objective.

Whenever one of these situations occurs, the question arises as to whether the contract has lapsed and whether the creditor can continue to insist on performance or sue for damages.

Contract law: Legal steps to enforce contractual obligations

What can an entrepreneur do if a customer does not pay? Does the limitation period begin to run for claims arising from transactions between merchants and non-merchants or private individuals?

Rights and obligations are agreed in a contract. The creditor is set a deadline within which he can assert his claim if, for example, the purchase price is not paid. If he fails to do so, the claim becomes time-barred and he is released from further payment obligations.

What is the limitation period for bringing an action?
With regard to limitation periods, it should be borne in mind that the year ends on December 31. A limitation period always begins after the year in which a claim arose. According to §§ 195, 199 BGB, the normal limitation period is three years.

In addition, there are a number of different limitation periods, each associated with a different time frame.

It is possible to suspend the limitation period. As the limitation period continues to run after suspension, it is not part of the limitation period when you file your claim. This extends the limitation period by an additional period of time.

If the debtor acknowledges the claim, the limitation period can also start again. If a new item is delivered as part of the subsequent fulfillment of a purchase contract, the limitation period also starts anew.

Requirements for dunning procedures in contract law

Extrajudicial dunning procedures can be used by the creditor to enforce his claim (which is not time-barred). This procedure is recommended in order to secure the creditor’s rights more quickly and cost-effectively.

If the creditor succeeds in obtaining an enforcement order from a German dunning court, he can also enforce it throughout Germany and the European Union.

Agreement by handshake = legally binding contract

A contract does not necessarily have to be in writing to be binding and enforceable. Contracts can be signed verbally or even with a handshake and a smile. Furthermore, a handshake is a legally binding agreement that can be enforced in court.

When signing a contract with a handshake (often in the case of follow-up contracts in business), the contracting parties must of course prove their trustworthiness and reliability.

If both parties agree, it is sufficient to point out the previously proven execution of the contract. Once these details have been clarified, the project can move forward.

A commercial agent – tasks and function

A commercial agent is an independent trader who is commissioned by an entrepreneur to broker or conclude transactions on their behalf. The German Commercial Code (HGB) contains the relevant provisions, namely §§ 84 – 92 c HGB.

There are 3 different types of commercial agents.

  1. goods agents
  2. Insurance agents
  3. Building society representatives

Commercial agents can only be entered in the commercial register once they reach a certain size or have a certain legal form if they register with the trade office (e.g. GmbH).

Within the scope of his contractual territory, the commercial agent has the task of selling contractual items or brokering transactions on behalf of the entrepreneur (and for his account). He is therefore responsible both for maintaining relationships with existing customers and for acquiring new customers.

The principal is responsible for supporting the commercial agent in his efforts. As soon as a deal is approved or rejected, he must inform him and provide him with all the facts about the change.

Contract law: What are the duties of the commercial agent?

The commercial agent is self-employed and has full control over his working hours. He must also inform the principal of all business transactions and follow the principal’s instructions, provided they do not interfere with his freedom of action.

In most cases, the commercial agent is entrusted with the simultaneous representation of several companies. However, these should not be in direct competition with each other.

After the entrepreneur leaves the company, the commercial agent can demand compensation for the customer base he has built up for the entrepreneur under the so-called compensation claim. After the contract expires, the agent is prohibited from disclosing trade or business secrets.

The contract term is usually at least one year, but can be terminated within the negotiated notice period in the event of non-compliance with the contract terms (1 to 6 months) or, if this is not complied with, within the statutory notice period.

It is important to bear in mind the one-year limitation period for claims for damages when asserting claims arising from the contract. A claim expires 3 years from the date on which it arose and/or the commercial agent became aware of the circumstances giving rise to it.

Detailed information on the terms of use (GTC)

In many situations, a contracting party will have pre-formulated terms and conditions which it unilaterally hands over to its business partner when the contract is concluded. At the very least, the contractual partner is not prepared to negotiate the specific terms and conditions set out in the general terms and conditions.

But even if this is not the case, the user must expressly refer to the GTC when concluding the contract for them to be lawful.

§ Section 305 (2) of the German Civil Code (BGB) requires that they are only included in the contract afterwards. If the GTC are displayed on an order form or a contract, for example, this means that the reference cannot be overlooked by the customer, even if they quickly glance through it.

In the case of verbal contracts, the validity of the GTC must be expressly stated. Otherwise, the GTC are not legally binding for the contracting parties!

A further criterion is that the customer must be able to obtain the content of the GTC in a reasonable manner. For the GTC to be valid, the customer must accept their application.

Although the obligation to provide information is not as strict for entrepreneurs as it is for consumers, it is still desirable in the interests of legal certainty to draw the user’s attention to the GTC as far as possible.

Contract law – general terms and conditions for online transactions

E-commerce companies such as online stores also frequently use general terms and conditions. However, certain rules apply here. Anyone who includes general terms and conditions in a contract must ensure that the contractual partner can (technically) view and understand them.

If an online customer can browse through the GTC clauses at the click of a mouse, the potential perception is sufficient.

In addition, the provider must ensure that its contractual partner can retrieve and save the GTC.

Otherwise, the criterion of comprehensibility must be met. To be effective, the provisions must be drafted in simple language that is understandable to non-lawyers. Obviously, they must be legible – for example, in a sufficiently large font size.

The following rules essentially apply to the content of the GTC: Discriminatory provisions that contradict the requirements of good faith are invalid, and clauses must not be so unusual that the other contracting party does not have to expect them.

Terms such as:

  • Delivery and default,
  • terms of payment,
  • Conclusion of contract,
  • liability and retention of title,
  • price,
  • liability for defects

should be regulated in the General Terms and Conditions (until full payment of the purchased item).

Do consumer contracts have to be concluded in writing?

The termination of a customer contract used to require a handwritten signature and a lot of paperwork. A handwritten signature was also required for the notification of defects or changes.

This has no longer been necessary since October 1, 2016.

In addition to fax and scanned PDFs, electronic means of amending contracts have also been available since then (so-called text form).

After October 1, 2016, all those who have agreed that such declarations can only be revoked in text form must revise their GTC.

Important: Contracts that were concluded before this regulation comes into force are not affected by this and still require the written form.

With the exception of terminations of employment contracts, tenancy agreements and notarial agreements, for which the written form is still required, the written form is no longer required.

For all other consumer contracts, the text form is used instead of the written form.

For consumer contracts concluded after October 1, 2016, the General Terms and Conditions must be revised to take account of the new requirement that the contractual partner must be informed in writing of terminations, amendments or revocation.

Insight into different types of contract

Different types of contracts can be distinguished according to the content (subject matter) of the contract or the contracting parties involved. The purchase contract is the most common contract in everyday life.

Private law also includes employment contracts, building contracts, property purchase agreements, loan agreements, leasing agreements, credit agreements, rental agreements and insurance contracts, to name but a few.

In public law, there are many different types of contracts, but the public law contract is the most important. States enter into international treaties or international contracts with each other.

Difference between employment contracts and service contracts

Whenever a contract is concluded, the question arises as to the future legal relationship between employer and employee or client and contractor.

For the employment of freelancers and entrepreneurs working on their own account, a service contract (Sections 611 et seq. BGB) or a contract for work and services (Sections 631 et seq. BGB) can be used.

Neither form of contract is perfect, but both have advantages and problems that legally distinguish them from one another.

Contract for work and services: A contractor undertakes to perform a specific task. His remuneration depends largely on whether he successfully fulfills this specific task. Economic independence is a characteristic feature of the contract for work model.

An employee’s intention to be successful is set out in his contract of employment. Even if his attempt to contribute to the success of the business fails, the declaration of intent is sufficient to fulfill the terms of a service contract and receive remuneration. A service contract already includes remuneration for the work performed.

Contracts: Renting and leasing of commercial property

To what extent are goods rented and to what extent is there a rental agreement? The decisive factor for the distinction is whether or not the “enjoyment of the fruits” of the leased property is part of the (objective) content of the contractual terms.

However, this does not mean just any fruit or even fruit in the conventional sense. Rather, the lessee is often expected to be able to generate income (including financial profit) through the characteristics of the leased property.

However, the tenant must permit precisely this use. It does not matter whether the rental property was incorrectly named in the contract. The exact classification will be determined later on the basis of the agreements made and the wishes expressed by the parties.

Bilateral contracts civil law: expert advice for complex contractual relationships

Bilateral Contracts Civil Law – A first-class, must-read guide to better understanding complex contractual relationships and how to effectively protect your interests. In our increasingly interconnected world, it is not uncommon to encounter legal obstacles and challenges in bilateral civil law contracts. It is therefore crucial to have a sound knowledge of this topic in order to protect your rights and successfully resolve potential disputes.

The world of bilateral treaties – a brief introduction

Bilateral treaties are a fundamental part of our daily lives. They are everywhere – from buying a car to renting an apartment. These contracts are bilateral legal agreements in which both parties have legal obligations towards the other party.

Fundamental components of a bilateral contract

A bilateral contract consists of various key elements. These include offer, acceptance, consideration, mutual obligation, competence and agreement.

Bilateral treaties and their role in civil law

The importance of bilateral treaties in civil law cannot be overstated. They serve as the infrastructure for a variety of business and personal transactions, including sales contracts, service contracts, leases and more.

Jurisdiction and bilateral treaties

In civil law, there are several jurisdictions and laws that govern the formation and enforcement of bilateral contracts. The BGB (German Civil Code) rules in Germany, for example, provide comprehensive guidance on how bilateral contracts should be drafted and enforced.

Practical application of bilateral treaties

Bilateral treaties are an essential part of contemporary business practice. Without them, it would be almost impossible for companies to do business, as they provide legal certainty and define the relationship between contracting parties within a legal framework.

Self-employed people and small business owners are protected by contract law

Contract law cover, a benefit of corporate legal protection, is not offered by all insurance providers.

Each case is examined on a sector-specific basis. Tradespeople in particular should consider contract law cover, as it covers the costs of legal proceedings for purchase contracts, contracts for work and services, contracts for work and materials and even financing contracts

If the client refuses to pay due to a defect after the service has already been provided, contract legal protection can be of great importance for the individual company.

In certain cases, the insurer will cover the costs of lawyers’ and experts’ fees, reminders and court costs, among other things. Contractual cover, on the other hand, extends to disputes with suppliers, tax advisors and banks.

Contract law cover is generally available as a supplementary package to private and professional legal protection for the self-employed or as special legal protection for companies.

Contract law – interim conclusion

Entrepreneurs are bound by several obligations under contract law. In order to be able to assert and enforce contractual claims, you need to be well versed in the legal framework of multilateral legal relations.

Whenever an entrepreneur works with a commercial agency and/or wants to include general contractual provisions in their own contracts, it is highly advisable to seek legal advice immediately in order to secure their interests contractually.

There are simply too many factors to consider when drawing up contracts. Even general terms and conditions, which apply to many of his contracts and must be legally protected in all directions, must be applied in the same way.

Considering the constantly changing legal landscape and the changes made necessary by new technological advances, knowledge of the current legal situation becomes even more important.

Contract law lawyer helps

Contract law raises an almost unlimited number of legal issues. Initial contract discussions and the inclusion of general terms and conditions can be difficult and complicated and can jeopardize the success of the contract.

  1. The fulfillment of contractual obligations, the assertion of rights and obligations and the termination of contracts are all areas in which conflicts can arise. In the case of complicated contractual structures, you should definitely instruct an experienced lawyer to represent your interests.
  2. Your contracts and general terms and conditions will be reviewed and prepared by our contract lawyers. We also pay attention to compliance with formal requirements and the special features of transactions conducted via the Internet.
  3. Our team of lawyers will also assist you with the judicial and extrajudicial enforcement of contractual rights and the defense against unjustified claims by other contracting parties.
  4. When it comes to legal difficulties arising from contracts of any kind, our team of contract lawyers is there for you. At our offices in Hamburg, Munich and Frankfurt as well as throughout Germany, we will advise you according to your wishes.

We advise both private individuals and companies of various sizes from Germany, Austria and Switzerland in the broad field of contract law.

General principles of contract law

It is important to remember that general contract law forms the basis for all contracts, no matter how specific they are.

Regardless of which area of law or type of contract your particular issue falls under, our legal experts from numerous specialties can always help you with questions about general contract law.

Our legal support in drafting contracts and general terms and conditions is an essential part of our out-of-court work.

In contract negotiations, it is important that we, as a litigation partner, ensure precise and legally compliant wording, compliance with formal requirements and alignment with the overall interests of the contract.

In order to avoid misunderstandings, we thoroughly review contractual provisions, model contracts and general terms and conditions before the contract is signed.

We also take care of the judicial and extrajudicial enforcement of your rights and claims arising from a contract or the effective termination of a contract through revocation, withdrawal, termination or a termination agreement for you after the conclusion of a contract.

Drafting and reviewing contracts

Clarity and precision are often required in order to protect your own interests in the future contractual partnership. This means that using sample contracts from the Internet is often not a good idea. This is especially true if the contractual relationship is to regulate a private, complicated matter.

Drafting, amending and optimizing contracts is an area in which we are happy to provide you with legal advice. The same applies to contract negotiations.

The decision-making process and the final contract as a result of the discussions correspond to the current legal situation and are based on the latest supreme court rulings when concluding and drafting contracts.

Before signing contracts, it is important to check them for possible invalidity, unenforceability, contestability or incompleteness.

In many cases, formal and didactic standards are not observed or are poorly executed until a dispute arises. To avoid this, the intended or submitted contract proposals must be reviewed in advance.

Even after a contractual relationship has been established, it is still possible to carry out a thorough contract review and pursue your rights and claims. In addition, we defend against inappropriate, ineffective, void or contestable claims and demands by reviewing the existing contract retrospectively.

Special aspects of internet contract law

With the growing number of platforms for Internet commerce and electronic business transactions, the number of contracts concluded via the Internet is also increasing.

Drafting and concluding contracts in this way has become a necessity in modern business life. However, certain standards must be met when customers and online store operators conclude contracts via the Internet.

We also advise our clients on the drafting of smart contracts. We check these so-called smart contracts for correctness and completeness.

There are certain criteria for a legally valid internet presence, which we will inform you about. You will also find out how ordering processes should be regulated and which instructions are necessary.

With regard to the conclusion of contracts via the Internet, we monitor the current legal situation and keep you up to date on changes in the law or relevant supreme court rulings.

In general, we can support and advise both customers and online retailers in the following areas:

  • Asserting and enforcing contractual rights and claims
  • Checking your online contracts for contestability, invalidity or inconsistency
  • Examination and improvement of general terms and conditions on the internet
  • Determining a suitable procedure for termination
  • Modification of order processes in accordance with legal requirements
  • Data protection compliance and creation of data protection declarations
  • Incorporating new legal and supreme court rulings into the design of your website
  • Specifications on formalities

There are different formalities for different types of contract that must be complied with by the contracting parties. Non-compliance with formal requirements can have considerable legal and possibly contractually agreed consequences.

According to the concept of Section 125 sentence 1 BGB, a legal transaction is null and void if a formal requirement is not complied with.

It is important to know that there are various exceptions and deviations from this rule. However, for some types of contracts, it is crucial that the formalities are complied with.

Our lawyers have extensive experience in determining whether the formal criteria have been met and can help you to ensure that the contracts you wish to enter into are free from ambiguity.

This means you don’t have to worry about your legal transaction being void.

The strictest legal form is the public form (notarization; certification). This refers to the notarization of contracts or declarations by a notary, which are read out to the parties involved and approved by them before they are signed in front of the notary.

A notarized signature or declaration proves its correctness. The term “public certification” refers to certification by a notary, while “official certification” refers to certification by another authority.

Contracting parties: What obligations and rights do they have?

The wording of the respective rights and obligations should be completed or at least reviewed by a lawyer if the contract involves a significant financial or long-term obligation for the contracting party.

A clear understanding of the scope, manner and timing of specific contractual responsibilities and the remedies provided in the event of a breach should be made clear from the outset.

The rights and obligations of the contracting parties are easier to enforce in the event of a dispute if they have been agreed in detail in advance. Even if you did not get what you paid for, our contract lawyers will ensure that you get what you are entitled to.

If an out-of-court settlement cannot be reached, we will also represent you in court. We respond to deadlines and reminders from contractual partners and defend you against unjustified claims from the other party.

Options for terminating the contract

We also take care of the legal aspects of contract termination for you. A contract can be terminated in various ways, e.g. by giving notice, withdrawing from the contract or reaching an agreement to cancel or terminate it.

You can rely on us to assess your individual circumstances and advise you on the best course of action.

Before deciding on legal alternatives, you should consider whether the individual contractual provisions already provide options for terminating the contractual relationship.

If a contractual relationship has already been in place for some time, it may make sense to conclude a termination agreement and, if possible, terminate the contractual relationship amicably.

In this situation, it is important to consider and document possible future benefits, repayments or claims for damages in the termination agreement. Regardless of the circumstances, our experienced team of contract law lawyers will find a viable way to help you terminate your contracts.

Legal advice & support on general terms and conditions

As part of our extrajudicial contract law services, we also draft, negotiate and evaluate general terms and conditions (GTC). Particular attention must be paid to ensuring that the wording is effective and legally binding.

In both B2C and B2B business, we attach great importance to the legality of GTC provisions. The use of inadmissible general terms and conditions can have considerable financial and legal consequences.

Even years after the conclusion of a contract, inadequate general terms and conditions clauses can lead to the invalidity of the contract.

This means that effective general terms and conditions are crucial in all contracts, but they are even more important in consumer contracts due to EU law and case law favoring consumers.

Due to the significant potential for damage, it is important to engage a competent lawyer as soon as possible. The contract lawyers in our team will check in the course of contract discussions whether or not general terms and conditions are suitable for your project and the relevant specialist area and whether or not they comply with current changes in the law and court rulings.

We also check the validity of the general terms and conditions (GTC) in the contract proposals.

We ensure that the general terms and conditions do not harm you or your contractual interests and carefully consider the subtleties of the relevant legal field.

Thanks to our multidisciplinary approach, we can advise on general terms and conditions in:

and other areas of law.

Law of sales contracts

The purchase contract according to § 433 BGB is one of the most frequently used forms of contract in everyday life.

The purchase modalities, the formalities or the effects of the conclusion of the contract can have a significant impact on the complexity of a purchase contract, as is the case in corporate law with a company purchase agreement. In the case of complex purchase agreements, it is strongly advisable to hire a lawyer for contract law.

In the case of a real estate purchase contract, this lawyer can ensure that your rights are protected before the contract is signed, that there are no unfavorable individual agreements or general terms and conditions and that all legal procedures are complied with.

Our lawyers can also help you with contract law if difficulties have already arisen with your purchase contract.

Depending on the situation, we will determine which legal steps make the most sense and then enforce your warranty rights.

Our team will help you find a solution to your problem.